Physics - multiple simultaneous collisions

The following example was given to me from the Open Forum discussion here.

Imagine A,B,C and D are pool balls. B,C and D are initially stationary and touching to form a triangle. Ball B is then hit by ball A, assuming that ball A is initially travelling at 1 m/s towards the right va=(1,0,0), all balls weigh 0.1 Kg, friction can be ignored and all collisions are perfectly elastic. What is the final speed of all balls?

When ball A hits ball B then I think that there will be a set of instantaneous impulses setup between pairs of balls shown by pairs of black arrows on the above diagram.

I am assuming that these impulses act normal to the surfaces where the balls are touching, I'm not sure this would be true in practice, perhaps all the impulses should all be horizontal, in which case there is a anticlockwise spin imparted to ball B and a clockwise spin imparted to ball C?

Anyway I will assume the impulses are normal for now.

These impulses have to push against something and this is the inertia due to the mass of the balls, this is shown by the blue arrows.

It seems to me that we should be able to solve this 'network' of impulses in the same way that we could solve a set of forces in a static framework of struts.

I am not sure how to take it from here can anyone help me?

I think we could setup a set of simultaneous equations to solve this, but here are may possible solutions which conserve momentum and energy. For instance B could be stationary after the collision.

Example 2

When we are stuck it sometimes helps to take a simpler example.

In this example after A hits B then A,B and C will remain stationary and D continues on at the same velocity as A was originally travelling.

But is this the only possible outcome that conserves energy and momentum? If not what other criteria are involved to determine the final velocities?

 


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